Response

A Strapi Response object is an abstraction on top of Node's vanilla response object, providing additional functionality that is useful for every day HTTP server development.

API

response.header

Response header object.

response.headers

Response header object. Alias as response.header.

response.socket

Request socket.

response.status

Get response status. By default, response.status is not set unlike Node's res.statusCode which defaults to 200.

response.status=

Set response status via numeric code:

  • 100 "continue"
  • 101 "switching protocols"
  • 102 "processing"
  • 200 "ok"
  • 201 "created"
  • 202 "accepted"
  • 203 "non-authoritative information"
  • 204 "no content"
  • 205 "reset content"
  • 206 "partial content"
  • 207 "multi-status"
  • 300 "multiple choices"
  • 301 "moved permanently"
  • 302 "moved temporarily"
  • 303 "see other"
  • 304 "not modified"
  • 305 "use proxy"
  • 307 "temporary redirect"
  • 400 "bad request"
  • 401 "unauthorized"
  • 402 "payment required"
  • 403 "forbidden"
  • 404 "not found"
  • 405 "method not allowed"
  • 406 "not acceptable"
  • 407 "proxy authentication required"
  • 408 "request time-out"
  • 409 "conflict"
  • 410 "gone"
  • 411 "length required"
  • 412 "precondition failed"
  • 413 "request entity too large"
  • 414 "request-uri too large"
  • 415 "unsupported media type"
  • 416 "requested range not satisfiable"
  • 417 "expectation failed"
  • 418 "i'm a teapot"
  • 422 "unprocessable entity"
  • 423 "locked"
  • 424 "failed dependency"
  • 425 "unordered collection"
  • 426 "upgrade required"
  • 428 "precondition required"
  • 429 "too many requests"
  • 431 "request header fields too large"
  • 500 "internal server error"
  • 501 "not implemented"
  • 502 "bad gateway"
  • 503 "service unavailable"
  • 504 "gateway time-out"
  • 505 "http version not supported"
  • 506 "variant also negotiates"
  • 507 "insufficient storage"
  • 509 "bandwidth limit exceeded"
  • 510 "not extended"
  • 511 "network authentication required"

Don't worry too much about memorizing these strings, if you have a typo an error will be thrown, displaying this list so you can make a correction.

response.message

Get response status message. By default, response.message is associated with response.status.

response.message=

Set response status message to the given value.

response.length=

Set response Content-Length to the given value.

response.length

Return response Content-Length as a number when present, or deduce from this.body when possible, or undefined.

response.body

Get response body.

response.body=

Set response body to one of the following:

  • string written
  • Buffer written
  • Stream piped
  • Object json-stringified
  • null no content response

If response.status has not been set, Strapi will automatically set the status to 200 or 204.

String

The Content-Type is defaulted to text/html or text/plain, both with a default charset of utf-8. The Content-Length field is also set.

Buffer

The Content-Type is defaulted to application/octet-stream, and Content-Length is also set.

Stream

The Content-Type is defaulted to application/octet-stream.

Object

The Content-Type is defaulted to application/json.

response.get(field)

Get a response header field value with case-insensitive field.

const etag = this.get('ETag');

response.set(field, value)

Set response header field to value:

this.set('Cache-Control', 'no-cache');

response.append(field, value)

Append additional header field with value val.

this.append('Link', '<http://127.0.0.1/>');

response.set(fields)

Set several response header fields with an object:

this.set({
  'Etag': '1234',
  'Last-Modified': date
});

response.remove(field)

Remove header field.

response.type

Get response Content-Type void of parameters such as "charset".

const ct = this.type;
// => "image/png"

response.type=

Set response Content-Type via mime string or file extension.

this.type = 'text/plain; charset=utf-8';
this.type = 'image/png';
this.type = '.png';
this.type = 'png';

Note: when appropriate a charset is selected for you, for example response.type = 'html' will default to "utf-8", however when explicitly defined in full as response.type = 'text/html' no charset is assigned.

response.is(types...)

Very similar to this.request.is(). Check whether the response type is one of the supplied types. This is particularly useful for creating middleware that manipulate responses.

For example, this is a middleware that minifies all HTML responses except for streams.

const minify = require('html-minifier');

strapi.app.use(function *minifyHTML(next) {
  yield next;

  if (!this.response.is('html')) {
    return;
  }

  const body = this.body;
  if (!body || body.pipe) {
    return;
  }

  if (Buffer.isBuffer(body)) {
    body = body.toString();
  }

  this.body = minify(body);
});

response.redirect(url, [alt])

Perform a [302] redirect to url.

The string "back" is special-cased to provide Referrer support, when Referrer is not present alt or "/" is used.

this.redirect('back');
this.redirect('back', '/index.html');
this.redirect('/login');
this.redirect('http://google.com');

To alter the default status of 302, simply assign the status before or after this call. To alter the body, assign it after this call:

this.status = 301;
this.redirect('/cart');
this.body = 'Redirecting to shopping cart';

response.attachment([filename])

Set Content-Disposition to "attachment" to signal the client to prompt for download. Optionally specify the filename of the download.

response.headerSent

Check if a response header has already been sent. Useful for seeing if the client may be notified on error.

response.lastModified

Return the Last-Modified header as a Date, if it exists.

response.lastModified=

Set the Last-Modified header as an appropriate UTC string. You can either set it as a Date or date string.

this.response.lastModified = new Date();

response.etag=

Set the ETag of a response including the wrapped "s. Note that there is no corresponding response.etag getter.

this.response.etag = crypto.createHash('md5').update(this.body).digest('hex');

response.vary(field)

Vary on field.